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Definition of Professional Client ‐ UK

(1) An entity required to be authorised or regulated to operate in the financial markets. The following list includes all authorised entities carrying out the characteristic activities of the entities mentioned, whether authorised by an EEA State or a third country and whether or not authorised by reference to a directive:

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(i) at least 50 members; and
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We would apply the same standards for a client who has elected to be treated like a professional investor as described above.
Note: the above definition of “professional client” has been extracted from section 3.5.2 of the Conduct of Business Sourcebook of the Financial Conduct Authority (“FCA”) Handbook.

Please refer to the FCA website (www.fca.co.uk) for additional information. We reserve the right to amend this definition in line with possible amendments to chapter 3.5 of the Conduct of Business Sourcebook of the FCA Handbook.

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Your capital is at risk and you may lose all, or part, of what you invest. Past performance is not a reliable indicator of future results. EIS Investments are not readily accessible and are therefore illiquid and not covered by the FSCS. Please consult our full risk warning for more information.

Overview

The Green Build Systems EIS represents an opportunity to invest in an innovative technology and manufacturing startup, whilst taking advantage of the tax benefits available under the Enterprise Investment Scheme. The market for vertical farming solutions is a rapidly expanding one and this is being driven by a number of factors including climate change impacting traditional crop yields, increasing demand for food as the world population continues to rise, declining soil quality, the drive to produce more local food to reduce food miles and a growing demand for fresh produce, free of pesticides.

The recent and ongoing pandemic has also exposed the lack of food security in even the most advanced of nations with the UK proving to be particularly affected as a large proportion of the fresh produce required is imported. GBS is already talking to important players in key target markets who will be interested in purchasing a GBS vertical farm. These range from restaurants, hotels, supermarkets, food wholesalers, urban developers, and local authorities. GBS is also in early dialogue with HM Prison Service and the NHS.

The company takes a bespoke approach to Agritech for addressing global food security and accessibility concerns. To capitalise on the genuine opportunities to manufacture readily insulated and modular structures for vertical farm applications, we can combine the use of renewable energy technology for creation of a truly sustainable solution. A client farm has already been created to its own specification and is equipped with hydroponic systems. With GBS’s modular methods of construction utilised, the company is able to manufacture in a bespoke manner, constructing on-site to retrofit or position accordingly at consumer request. Such vertical farms can be optimised for supply to restaurants, hotels and retail establishments for cultivation of their own fresh produce as an on demand source.

One of GBS's major unique selling points is its modular element. It enables us to deliver a farm in easy-to-assemble sections and construct a facility in difficult to access or reach situations – for example, such as in an underground car park. Therefore, this GBS solutions offer formidable advantages over more traditional methods such as containers which can be cumbersome in such situations. In facilitating the production and sale of the GBS Eco- Panel, the business is primarily focusing on niche markets such as lodges, pods and modular buildings, prior to moving focus upon houses and construction.

People

Green Build Systems (GBS) has a hand-picked core team, made up of Directors and Specialist Advisors selected from individuals with successful backgrounds from a diverse range of industries.

DIRECTORS/MANAGEMENT

Paul started his working life in the Accountancy profession before moving into the Energy industry.

Paul was Managing Director and 50% owner of the Total Energy Group of companies and was instrumental in the creation of their own gas supply company, known as Total Energy Gas Supplies Limited, which they sold out to Contract Natural Gas. Working with EDF, Paul and his colleagues had one of the largest direct sales forces and sub-agency networks in the UK.

He introduced commercial energy sales to uSwitch (the online energy switching platform), with his team having handled much of uSwitch’s business customer switching for 4 years until the company brought such operations in-house.

Over time, Paul also worked on water supply and disposal budgeting, and was instrumental in implementing savings of £2.9 million a year for the Ministry of Defence (MoD) on their military sites in the South of England. Paul was subsequently involved with solar energy, advising commercial and residential clients on installation and financing arrangements (until the UK government slashed Feed-in-Tariff (FIT) payments and the industry underwent reinvention).

More recently, Paul has used his vast experience across various industries to advise clients on securing funding for renewable energy installations and sustainable development projects.

Alexander is a construction and real estate entrepreneur whose expertise, natural sales drive, and experience derives from a family-built business stemming back several generations.

Alexander’s expertise helped the family business develop an award-winning Nursing / Care home portfolio as well as building high quality 4-bedroomed detached residential properties.

As part of Alexander’s property prowess, he has more recently added to his real estate portfolio with investments made in land and related assets.

Alexander’s family property portfolio encapsulates a range of development assets ranging from stables, eco lodges, hotels, forestry and land, apartments, and industrial units.

A true visionary, Alexander studied the trends in eco building and recognised an ideal opportunity to develop construction products which would be energy saving, eco-friendly, and could make a real contribution to society whilst maintaining his high standards of profitable and sustainable businesses.

His keen interest in sustainability, the protection of flora and fauna, plant-based health foods and his desire to support local communities as well as supporting ways to help the underprivileged to be able to support themselves led to his keen interest in developing the GBS Modular Vertical Farm systems.

As a previous Chairman of GBS, we are delighted to welcome back Richard from a bout of ill health and enforced retirement. We are pleased to have the opportunity to utilise his invaluable experience at senior level, whilst embracing his undoubted enthusiasm for the GBS business along with his shared vision for the company’s future. 

Born into farming life, Richard started his career as an Industrial Engineer within the food industry, an area which co-incidentally he has returned to as a consultant several times.   

He progressed to senior Industrial Engineer status within both the Automotive and Furniture Manufacturing Industries. His career continued within the “engineering of industry” environment to senior management level for multinational companies, which included the responsibility for multi-site manufacturing facilities, manufacturing innovation, factory layouts, ergonomics and the development and measurement of manufacturing systems.

Headhunted by a national company in Yorkshire, he undertook the role of Manufacturing Director before being promoted to the parent board as Group Operations Director, where he helped to create an award winning multi-million-pound business.

Later in his career, Richard established his own consultancy firm before transitioning to Managing Director at a high-tech electronics firm supplying the MOD’s Warship Support Agency (WSA), various airlines and numerous blue-chip entities such as Airbus, BAE, Rolls Royce, BMW, Sandvik, and Iscar.

During the last 15 years Richard further developed his consultancy business undertaking contracts with such industries as Frozen Foods, and fresh produce packing plants as well as developing systems to handle produce across multiple sites and canning operations.

Throughout his career, he has always had a love for marketing, copywriting, PR plus sales and marketing strategies and over the last 10 years has transformed his consultancy business to a marketing and strategy specialist service.

Daniel heads the marketing arm of GBS, bringing his inspirational and creative prowess to the company along with both excellent leadership and communication skills obtained via a strong track record of experience at Board/Director level. He brings not only ambition, but a strategic and insightful business mind for building brands and contributing to the development of our commercial marketing strategies in close collaboration with our Leadership team and Specialist Professional Advisors.

Of notable, and a much-welcomed benefit to GBS, is Daniel’s previous professional collaborations and project successes with Richard Croft (our Professional Advisor on Business Strategy). GBS has been very pleased to seize upon and embrace such a continual and fruitful working relationship as part of its growing operations, helping deliver confidence and optimism throughout the team.

Professionally, Daniel has gained a breadth of experience as an entrepreneur and a business owner, having had oversight and an input into all core aspects of business activities across the board - this including marketing functions. His early career commenced in financial markets, specialising in equities broking and alternative private capital financing on projects, to which he later transitioned to roles on Sales & Trading desks with a focus on main market equity derivatives sales.

Post-graduation, Daniel completed his vocational training via the Legal Practice Course (LPC) at ULaw London Moorgate with a specialisation in corporate transactions and finance. As an undergraduate, he read law at Lancaster University graduating with 2.1 LLB (Hons), subsequently obtaining his postgraduate LLM in Corporate & Financial Services Law from the National University of Singapore (NUS).

Matthew has formed a hugely integral part to GBS’s success from inception to date and leads the investor and investment funding side of our business. To date and continuing, this includes his active involvement with our equity investors and our company’s successful fundraising via the HMRC’s Enterprise Investment Scheme (EIS).

With a core strength and penchant for establishing, nurturing, and growing long-term client relationships on the investor-driven sides of businesses, Matthew arrived at GBS with over a decade of experience in corporate and SME funding activities – to which he has been successful in securing fundraising totalling to over £12m in sectors ranging from Real Estate to Energy.

His early career began in the City of London in Sales & Broking with a specialisation in FTSE 100, blue-chip main market equities and quoted securities. Following his successes, Matthew then transitioned into Futures trading and was positioned on Proprietary Trading Desks focusing on Oil & Energy, specifically Brent Crude Futures /Oil Derivatives execution.

SPECIALIST PROFESSIONAL ADVISORS

Chris, an experienced Horticulturist, joins the GBS team and brings a wealth of experience and proven successes gained over 40 years; much of which is directly relevant to our business.

Proven management skills demonstrated on an international stage, inclusive of growing in challenging conditions and utilising state-of-the-art technology to deliver customer expectations has seen Chris designing and building hydroponic units on a global basis. He was a fundamental part of the team designing the Growing Underground multilevel system.

With experience in food safety, hygiene standards, and as a consultant in growing systems and crop husbandry as well as technical standards for food industry and supermarkets, Chris’s specialist hydroponic, LED, crop growing. and project management experience is seen as an invaluable asset to the progression of Green Build Systems.

Another bonus for GBS is that Chris has collaborated regularly with both Tim and Sean (see profiles), so introductions will not be necessary, and each understands the other’s strengths.

Jason is the CEO of award-winning Aponic Ltd, developers of Vertical Aeroponic Farming systems and sustainable food growing systems.

Starting with a background in engineering and programming, but with a natural fascination for natural ecosystems, it seemed almost a natural progression for Jason to enter the world of vertical soil-less growing.

With business links to New Anglia Growth Hub, InCrops, and a member of AgritechE, Jason has appeared as guest speaker at several conferences and has visited Zambia with the DIT, as well as spending time with the Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO).

Jason is spearheading our joint interests within the farming community, particularly focusing upon systems that can be installed into existing structures, as well as an African-based project in which we share mutual interests.

We have worked together with Jason frequently for some time now, but as specific projects have been formulated and may be close to fruition, it is appropriate and welcomed by GBS that we work much closely within a more formal structure.

Peter is a veritable “who’s who” of the vertical farming arena, as current Chair of the Vertical Farming Network (based within the Royal Agricultural University in Cirencester) and was previously Vice Chairman of the Association of Vertical Farming.

Born into a farming family, Peter has been designing farm automation systems since the age of 11 and from school entered the electrical and controls industry. He progressed to installing and commissioning systems and managing projects of up to GBP £100m value on a global scale and across a very diverse range of industries.

Peter has shown interest in vertical farming since the 1980s and has been involved in engineering design of vertical farming systems for the past 13 years.

As well as utilising his skills and experience in designing automation, process flow and power systems, Peter is fast becoming our “go-to person” for introductions into other aspects of the vertical farming industry.

Sean has over 30 years’ experience in both Mechanical and Electrical Engineering gained within a diverse range of industries which include, oil and gas, edible oils, chemical production, bespoke manufacturing, and horticultural industries.

With a background in Engineering Management and Mechanical Design, Sean also owns MES Ltd who are involved in the design and construction of electrical control panels and mechanical design for industrial and horticultural sites.  Their skills also cover plant layouts, piping & instrument diagrams, process design, 2D and 3D drafting as well as project management.

Within Sean’s remit, he has experience also of both mechanical and electrical manufacture and worked alongside both Tim and Chris on the Growing Underground project. Other projects which all 3 have worked on together include Liberty Produce and Space 10 where GrowStack vertical farming units were installed into a pop-up restaurant.

We welcome Tim, an experienced qualified Industrial and Horticultural Electrical Engineer and owner of TCE Electrical Ltd, specialists in interface control systems and irrigation systems for Industrial, Horticultural, and farming applications for the past 20 years.

Tim has taken a particular interest in LED grow lights over the past 10 years and has built a number of complete growing systems inclusive of the full growing systems for the Growing Underground project and successful vertical farms.  

He has worked closely with several top LED lighting manufacturers and is very experienced at understanding the best lighting systems to suit any number of growing applications.

Other projects Tim and his company have worked with include the Chelsea Flower Show, installing a vertical growing unit on the IKEA stand, the designing, building and testing of farms for Stockbridge Technology Centre, works on the Bio Pesticide Glasshouse project, and Anglia Salads, amongst many others.

Nina is a Plant Scientist and Cultivation Advisor and has extensive knowledge of plant science, nutritional and environmental requirements, crop production, experimental design, statistical data analysis and reporting as well as integrated pest management.

With a BSc in Molecular Biology and Biochemistry of Organisms, an MSc in Plant Genetics, and currently completing a PhD in Biological & Environmental Science at the University College Dublin (UCD, Ireland), Nina carries impeccable academic credentials; but it is her experience and dynamic approach to problem solving that equally interested Green Build Systems to invite her to join us.

Nina also has 5 years of experience as a successful freelance consultant, previous experience as a Senior Research Scientist, and additionally as a Cultivation and Technical Advisor with HydroGarden Wholesales. Further professional experience includes her work at the Laboratory of Plant Genetics in Prague, the extraction of CBD, and her experience in Vertical farming and grow rooms.

Nina’s breadth of experience to date demonstrates the wealth of knowledge and expertise that she brings to the team.

We are pleased to welcome Laura on board with GBS as she brings expertise from and to a variety of areas, in particularly to the artificial lighting / LED systems that we use, and which represent such a vital part of our growing systems.

Laura is a scientist at Leibniz Institute of Vegetables and Ornamental Crops (IGZ) and since 2020, she has volunteered as Head of Science at the Association for Vertical Farming.  

Her first encounter with plant science was in 2014 when she completed her first lab internship in the Bioscience lab at Cardiff University (UK) and had the opportunity to contribute to different works and obtain a hint of a wide range of techniques used in plant science.

In 2015, she obtained her bachelor’s degree in Biology from Università della Calabria, Italy.

In 2016, she won an Aberystwyth University (UK) scholarship of 3 years to perform her Ph.D. studies at the same university. The title of her Ph.D. project was “Illuminating future food production; the impacts of tuneable artificial lighting on food crop biology and productivity” with the aim of optimizing red lettuce growth and quality in a completely controlled environment with the sole use of light-emitting diodes (LEDs), studying aspects of lighting including irradiance, spectral quality, duration, and time of application.

After completing her Ph.D. practical work and during the writing-up period, in 2019, she then began working at the Leibniz IGZ in the Controlled Environment Horticultural Systems group where she studies plant response to light in vertical production systems which aims at monitoring and tailoring early plant stress using modelling and sensors.

Andrew joins the GBS team with over 30 years of experience gained from within the life science industries. 

During the earlier days of his career, Andrew’s experience was in sales and marketing in the laboratory supply industry with companies such as Boehringer Mannheim, Kodak, and ICN. He was initially selling laboratory reagents and small equipment to universities and the pharmaceutical industry.

In the past 10 years, he has been involved in working with small businesses in the food and agriculture sector. This has included dealing with a diverse range of products such as Soda-Lo (a low salt ingredient for the food industry) and the RoboScientific VOC (Volatile Organic Compound) detector developed for disease detection in plant and livestock crops.

Andrew has a wealth of knowledge in the industry, this gained through him actively networking and building professional business relationships over time. Without doubt, this has given him the ability to marry new technologies with industry problems, and we are looking forward to utilising Andrew’s skills and advice as we progress deeper into the vertical farming marketplace.

Why Invest?

Within the next 5-10 years, food shortages will affect many more people. By 2050, the predicted global population is set to increase to 9 billion. The global Vertical Growth Farm market is projected to be worth USD $12.77 billion by 2026.

GBS is able to build to any bespoke design required for any customer taking into account their individual growing requirements whether that be Hydroponic or Aeroponic systems. These are be built using sustainably responsible sourced timbers or in the event of adverse climatic conditions, via GBS Eco-Panels. These are soil free and water efficient 24/7, 365 days a year and can utilise renewable energy systems. The GBS Eco-Panel will include a unique composite featuring strength, waterproof and fireproof qualities.

GBS has taken an innovative approach with its unique Modular Vertical Farm solution, in light of the growing significance of sustainable, socially & environmentally responsible food growth requirements. Investors and supermarket chains are becoming increasingly involved in vertical farming due to growing global momentum for eco-friendly food and carbon footprint reduction.

GBS also hosts a timber modular construction system which provides a complementary and alternative process of manufacturing. The manufacturing process is unique and utilises automated robotic production sequencing and innovative storage solutions. GBS’s offsite manufacturing reduces waste and energy consumption through its supply compared to traditional construction.

Panels will be produced to enable Passivhaus construction to meet the new regulations. EU & UK building regulations are increasingly stringent on eco-standards, encouraging lower U-values for insulation and energy efficiency.

What is EIS?

The Enterprise Investment Scheme is operated by HMRC to encourage private investment into growing British companies, and offering 30% tax relief opportunities to amount invested.

It is one of the UK Government’s flagship policies for supporting British enterprise, stimulating approximately £12bn of private investment each year.

Tax benefits for qualifying investors include:

  • Income tax relief – 30% income tax relief for investments up to £1 million per annum, reducing net cost to investors to 70p per £1 invested.
  • Loss relief – Losses to net cost (i.e. below 70p per £1 invested) can be set off against income in the year of disposal or the previous year, reducing capital at risk to 38.5p per £1 invested.
  • Capital gains tax deferral – Capital gains can be deferred, up to the amount subscribed for shares. Applies to gains arising three years prior to, and one year after, the issue of qualifying shares.
  • 100% Inheritance tax relief - After two years, EIS shares qualify for Business Property Relief so the investment is exempt from Inheritance Tax so long as it is held for 2 years before death.
  • Tax-free growth – No Capital Gains Tax payable on gains realised on the disposal of investment after three years, or three years after commencement of trade.

3 scenarios when investing into EIS

(When investing £10,000)

Company 1

The company fails

You receive £3,000 in income tax relief against your £10,000 investment.

You also receive £3,150 income loss relief. (At risk capital multiplied by your tax bracket, e.g 45%)

Your Real loss = £3,850

(£7,000 at risk capital, minus £3,150 income loss relief)

Company 2

The company breaks even

You receive £3,000 in income tax relief against your £10,000 investment.

After 3 years, you sell your shares for £10,000.

Your Gain = £3,000

(Gains are calculated on the income tax relief)

Company 3

The company doubles in value

You receive £3,000 in income tax relief against your £10,000 investment.

After three years you sell your shares for £20,000. No capital gains tax is owed on profit.

Your Gain = £13,000

(£10,000 profit from sale of shares, plus £3,000 income tax relief)

Documents

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FAQ's Agritech

How important is agritech in the context food systems and supply chains?

Due to a growing global population (projected to reach over 9 billion people by 2050), sustaining the same is important and as a result, agricultural output will need to simultaneously increase.

What changes are likely to occur in respect to global food patterns?

Agriculture inevitably plays a significant role in helping feed the global population. As a result, this is a process which needs to be managed well in order to both protect the environment and help mitigate climate change. Food consumption per capita is projected to rise with global demand food expected to increase by 35%, whilst global crop yields are predicted to drop or become stagnant due to climate change impacts. By 2050, global food systems will also need to sustainably and nutritiously feed more than 9 billion people. 

How does “Vertical Growth Farming” feature, and why is it important?

According to statistics, the UK imports approximately 50% of its food. In light of the 2020 pandemic, topics such as food security and accessibility have become more widely discussed beyond national borders. Technological innovation and the introduction of agritech

via vertical growth farming methods can help transform current global food systems to accommodate future food requirements. With the advent of the 4th Industrial Revolution, this is also what is driving disruptive technology innovations.

Vertical growth farming would enable crops to be produced 365 days a year with soil-less techniques without the need for pesticides or extensive human intervention, whilst being unaffected by variable weather conditions. Climate conditions are fully controlled along with wavelengths of light to help achieve optimum crop yields. The overall significance is that such techniques provide a means of guaranteeing yields while reducing environmental impact and furthermore, improving the supply of safe, nutritious and healthy food. 

FAQ's The Enterprise Investment Scheme

What is the Enterprise Investment Scheme?

The Enterprise Investment Scheme (EIS) is a Government sponsored scheme offering a range of benefits to investors who hold qualifying investments for at least 3 years. We have obtained advance assurance from HMRC to confirm that the underlying investments will qualify under the EIS legislation, meaning that investors should be entitled to any applicable tax reliefs.

How much can I invest into EIS?

Individuals can invest up to £1,000,000 in any tax year and receive 30% tax relief. However, they are locked into the scheme for a minimum of three years in order to take full advantage of the tax reliefs. EIS seeks to encourage investment into unlisted companies, just like the ones featured here.

Can anyone invest into the GBS Enterprise Investment Scheme?

The EIS is aimed at professional, sophisticated investors and high net worth individuals who are resident in the UK for tax purposes.

Does my investment have protection under the Financial Services Compensation Scheme (FSCS)?

The Financial Services Compensation Services Scheme does not apply to EIS offerings and your capital may still be at risk.