In general terms below are some useful definitions outlined to assist with your journey throughout this website.

Vertical farming 

The practice of growing crops in vertically stacked layers. It often incorporates controlled-environment agriculture, which aims to optimize plant growth, and soilless farming techniques such as hydroponics, aquaponics, and aeroponics”. (Wikipedia)

It is worth pointing out however that today, not all vertical farms operate with horizontal layers then stacked vertically – GBS Modular Vertical Farms solutions (amongst others) also offer and build systems that are in vertical towers without any horizontal layers – much depends upon what produce is being grown and the yields required as well as availability of water.


Aeroponics – A system in which the growing process takes place in an environment of growing plants in an air or mist without the use of soil or any aggregate medium.
Agri-tech/Agritech – Agritech is the use of technology in agriculture, horticulture, and aquaculture with the aim of improving yield, efficiency, and profitability. Agritech can be products, services or applications derived from agriculture that improve various input/output processes. (Wikipedia)
Aquaponics – An indoor system usually which (in simple terms) combines Hydroponics and a system of farming fish. The waste produced by the fish supplies the nutrients for the plants grown which, in turn, purify the water – it is a symbiotic environment.
Blue light - Blue grow lights are used to foster vegetative growth of plants, wavelength between 400-500 nm.
Controlled Environment Agriculture (CEA) – A technology-based approach toward plant production.
Deep Water Culture (DWC) – A hydroponic method of plant production by means of suspending the plant roots in a solution of nutrient-rich, oxygenated water.
Ebb & Flow - The hydroponic solution alternately floods the system and is allowed to ebb away.
HPA - High Pressure Aeroponics
Hybrid Systems – A generic term that can mean several things such as a mix of natural light and LED’s or even a mix of renewable and standard power systems.
Hydroponics – A system of growing plants usually indoors and without soil by using mineral nutrients solutions in a water solvent.
LPA – Low Pressure Aeroponics
Nutrient Film Technique (NFT) - A hydroponic technique wherein a very shallow stream of water containing all the dissolved nutrients required for plant growth is re-circulated past the bare roots of plants in a watertight gully, also known as channels.
Red Light - Red grow lights are used to foster flowering in plants and have a wavelength between 600-700 nm.
Urban Farming – Urban Farming is part of a local food system where food is produced within an urban area and marketed to consumers within that area. It differs from community farming in that urban farming is managed commercially and not simply grown to consume without any commerce taking place.

Other names or alternative terminology used today in relation to some of the above include Smart Agriculture, Precision Farming, Ai Farming, Digital Agronomy and Grow Farms.

Call us on: +44 (0) 113 733 5186 to find out more!